Library Guide


This catalogue system is used to locate library information resources including books and journal titles. OPAC searches provide information on what is in stock in the PIU library by providing the call number and the location of the material. OPAC also guide the user if the book is borrowed or is in the library. The OPACs accept, author names, titles and subject headings.

How to use OPAC

Library of Congress Classification System

The library uses the Library of Congress Classification Scheme to organize its collection. This scheme divides all knowledge into 21 major classes of subjects.

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Call Number

This is the number marked on the book spine to identify and show position of the book on the shelves. It is the number by which a reader locates a book on the shelf.

The call number is a combination of the class number and book number. Different titles of a book on the same topics have the same class numbers.

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Library Training/Information Literacy

The library offers training on online database search and retrieval. This session engages the users in learning:

  • Information Literacy Skills;
  • how to access the print and e-resources provided by the library.

It is through this session that students writing their projects, theses and dissertations are introduced to the various databases.

Research Guidelines

Google Scholar

Google Scholar is relatively simple to use and gives a good starting point for your research since it provides a wide array of scholarly research. However, Google Scholar is not comprehensive and does not provide the criteria for what makes it results “scholarly”.


Referencing is one of the most important aspects of academic research. Referencing must be done right with the required referencing method. The common methods of referencing are: APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago among others. Use the recommended referencing style as directed by your research supervisor.

Purdue Owl


Plagiarism is the act of using another author’s work and presenting it as one’s own by not crediting the original author. Plagiarism checker such as Turnitin will help you ensure that you have cited research sources correctly.